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Smack: A Minimal Working Example (in Java)


This document provides a minimal working example of a client implementation using the Smack library, making it connect to a running Openfire server.

Topics that are covered in this document:


Ignite Realtime's Smack project is an Open Source XMPP client library for instant messaging and presence. A pure Java library, it can be embedded into your applications to create anything from a full XMPP client to simple XMPP integrations such as sending notification messages and presence-enabling devices.

This guide describes how to use Smack to connect to Openfire. It provides nothing more than a minimal working example, intended as a stepping stone to for client developers that get started with a new project.


In this example, a client connection will be made against a running Openfire server. For ease of configuration, the 'demoboot' setup of Openfire is used.

The 'demoboot' setup of Openfire allows one to start a fresh installation of Openfire into a certain provisioned state, without running any of the setup steps. When running in 'demoboot' mode:

To start Openfire in 'demoboot' mode, you can invoke the Openfire executable using the -demoboot argument, as shown below.

Starting Openfire in 'demoboot' mode.
$ ./bin/ -demoboot


This example uses Apache Maven to define the project and define usage of the Smack library. Other build tools, like Gradle, could also be used.

To start the project, create a Maven pom.xml file in the root of your project. This file is primarily used to define the Smack library as a dependency of the project.

Example pom.xml file
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns=""


    <description>A minimal working example of a Smack-based client.</description>




A simple Java class file, using nothing but a main method, will be used to create two XMPP connections that connect to Openfire. One connection will start listening for a chat message, while the other connection will send such a message.

Example class file
import org.jivesoftware.smack.ConnectionConfiguration;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.filter.MessageWithBodiesFilter;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.packet.Message;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.packet.MessageBuilder;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.tcp.XMPPTCPConnection;
import org.jivesoftware.smack.tcp.XMPPTCPConnectionConfiguration;

import java.time.Duration;

public class TestClients
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception
        //SmackConfiguration.DEBUG = true;

        final XMPPTCPConnectionConfiguration configSender = XMPPTCPConnectionConfiguration.builder()
            .setUsernameAndPassword("john", "secret")

        final XMPPTCPConnectionConfiguration configReceiver = XMPPTCPConnectionConfiguration.builder()
            .setUsernameAndPassword("jane", "secret")

        final XMPPTCPConnection connectionSender = new XMPPTCPConnection(configSender);
        final XMPPTCPConnection connectionReceiver = new XMPPTCPConnection(configReceiver);

            connectionSender.setUseStreamManagement(false); // To reduce output in the debug log.
            connectionReceiver.setUseStreamManagement(false); // To reduce output in the debug log.




            // Listen for incoming messages.
            connectionReceiver.addAsyncStanzaListener((stanza -> System.out.println("Received: " + ((Message) stanza).getBody())), MessageWithBodiesFilter.INSTANCE);

            // Construct and send message.
            final Message message = MessageBuilder.buildMessage()


Use your IDE to run the main method. You should see Received: Hello! be printed to the standard output. That's it!

Note that this example disables important security features. You should not use this for anything important!

Further Reading

Please use the links below to find more information.