The Smack provider architecture is a system for plugging in custom XML parsing of packet extensions and IQ packets. The standard Smack Extensions are built using the provider architecture. Two types of providers exist:
IQProviderBy default, Smack only knows how to process IQ packets with sub-packets that are in a few namespaces such as:
<?xml version="1.0"?> <smackProviders> <iqProvider> <elementName>query</elementName> <namespace>jabber:iq:time</namespace> <className>org.jivesoftware.smack.packet.Time</className> </iqProvider> </smackProviders>Each IQ provider is associated with an element name and a namespace. In the example above, the element name is query and the namespace is abber:iq:time. If multiple provider entries attempt to register to handle the same namespace, the first entry loaded from the classpath will take precedence.
The IQ provider class can either implement the IQProvider interface, or extend the IQ class. In the former case, each IQProvider is responsible for parsing the raw XML stream to create an IQ instance. In the latter case, bean introspection is used to try to automatically set properties of the IQ instance using the values found in the IQ packet XML. For example, an XMPP time packet resembles the following:
<iq type='result' email@example.com' firstname.lastname@example.org' id='time_1'> <query xmlns='jabber:iq:time'> <utc>20020910T17:58:35</utc> <tz>MDT</tz> <display>Tue Sep 10 12:58:35 2002</display> </query> </iq>In order for this packet to be automatically mapped to the Time object listed in the providers file above, it must have the methods setUtc(String), setTz(String), and setDisplay(String). The introspection service will automatically try to convert the String value from the XML into a boolean, int, long, float, double, or Class depending on the type the IQ instance expects.
PacketExtensionProviderPacket extension providers provide a pluggable system for packet extensions, which are child elements in a custom namespace of IQ, message and presence packets. Each extension provider is registered with an element name and namespace in the smack.providers file as in the following example:
<?xml version="1.0"?> <smackProviders> <extensionProvider> <elementName>x</elementName> <namespace>jabber:iq:event</namespace> <className>org.jivesoftware.smack.packet.MessageEvent</className> </extensionProvider> </smackProviders>If multiple provider entries attempt to register to handle the same element name and namespace, the first entry loaded from the classpath will take precedence.
Whenever a packet extension is found in a packet, parsing will be passed to the correct provider. Each provider can either implement the PacketExtensionProvider interface or be a standard Java Bean. In the former case, each extension provider is responsible for parsing the raw XML stream to contruct an object. In the latter case, bean introspection is used to try to automatically set the properties of the class using the values in the packet extension sub-element.
When an extension provider is not registered for an element name and
namespace combination, Smack will store all top-level elements of the
sub-packet in DefaultPacketExtension object and then attach it to the packet.